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Congressional Budget Process

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  • ORegistration open
  • FClass full
  • GGuaranteed to Go
  • RRemote Classroom
Multiple Registrations?
Session Schedule Location Tuition Status
Nov 28 - Nov 29, 2017
08:30 - 16:30 , TUE-WED
Washington , DC $679 G
Jan 17 - Jan 18, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Washington , DC $679 O
Mar 14 - Mar 15, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Washington , DC $679 O
Apr 04 - Apr 05, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Dallas , TX $679 O
May 15 - May 16, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , TUE-WED
San Diego , CA $679 O
Jun 12 - Jun 13, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , TUE-WED
Washington , DC $679 O
Jun 20 - Jun 21, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Las Vegas , NV $679 O
Jul 10 - Jul 11, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , TUE-WED
Washington , DC $679 O
Jul 25 - Jul 26, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
San Francisco , CA $679 O
Aug 01 - Aug 02, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Atlanta , GA $679 O
Sep 05 - Sep 06, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Washington , DC $679 O
Sep 26 - Sep 27, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Virginia Beach , VA $679 O
Oct 03 - Oct 04, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Denver , CO $679 O
Nov 14 - Nov 15, 2018
08:30 - 16:30 , WED-THU
Washington , DC $679 O
Displaying of 14 sessions Show All Show Less

Course overview

This course focuses on the phase of the budgetary process that impacts every federal employee and agency – the congressional budget process. This is the phase of the budget process when Congress reviews and considers the agency’s budget submission and then decides what types and how much funding to provide to the agency. The course covers topics such as: the House and Senate Budget Committees; the congressional budget resolution process; congressional actions on authorizations and appropriations;and the budget reconciliation process.

This course is part of the MasterCertificate in Federal Financial Management (MCFFM).

This course aligns with the following DoDfinancial management competency:
DoD FM CompetencyProficiency LevelHours
Budget Concepts, Policies, and Principles 3 24

Who should attend?

Anyone who needs an overview of the congressional budget process or who needs to understand the concepts and terminology that underpin congressional budgetary actions.

Level: Intermediate.

Learning outcomes

  • Describe the federal budget and the three phases of the federal budget process
  • Identify the key legislation influencing the budget process and the control of spending
  • Discuss the budget review and enactment activities of the Congress
  • Identify the key documents used and produced during the congressional process and the purposes of each document
  • Explain the differences between a budget resolution, an authorization, and an appropriation
  • Explain how a bill becomes law
  • Explain the influence of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 on the congressional process
  • Explain purpose of the reconciliation and sequestration processes

Course outline

Day 1 of 2

Overview of the Budget Process

  • Separation of powers in the constitution
  • Evolution of the federal budget and financial management structure
  • The changing budget environment
  • What is a budget?
  • Size and composition of the federal budget
  • How the congressional budget process fits into the overall budget process

Basic Budget Concepts

  • How Congress provides the authority to spend
  • Types of budget authority
  • How budget authority becomes available
  • Control of outlays
  • Relation of budget authority to outlays
  • Budget baselines
  • Discretionary versus mandatory spending
  • Post budget submission interface between agencies and the Congress
  • The federal debt limit

The Congressional Budget Process

  • Congressional powers
  • Composition of the U.S. Congress
  • Leadership structure of Congress
  • Complexity of legislative rules
  • Legislative committees
  • Authorization – Appropriation process
  • Major differences between the House and Senate
  • Congressional Budget Process
  • Concurrent Budget Resolution

Day 2 of 2

The Congressional Budget Process (continued)

  • Congressional action on authorizations
  • Congressional action on appropriations
  • Continuing resolutions
  • Earmarking
  • Impoundment of budgetary authority
  • Revenue legislation

Reconciliation and Budget Enforcement

  • Purpose and intent of the reconciliation process
  • House and Senate action on omnibus reconciliation legislation
  • The sequestration process

Principal Organizations Providing Support to the Congress

  • Congressional Budget Office
  • Library of Congress
  • Congressional Research Service
  • Government Accountability Office
  • Offices of the Inspectors General
  • Government Publishing Office
  • Congressional Record
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